terça-feira, 16 de julho de 2013


By: Valdemir Mota de Menezes


Also suitable for cultivation in small areas, preferably in cold climates, the greenery brings several benefits to health

With slightly sweet flavor and smooth texture, sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) is enjoyed cooked or raw in salads, but can also be used as an ingredient in purees, mousses, soups, pies, juices and vitamins. Besides tasty, the vegetable has several health benefits: it is diuretic, combat anemia, decongest the urinary tract and has anti-inflammatory effect.

Although the root of dark-red color is the main commercial product - is of great value in the production of sugar - the leaves correspond to the most nutritious part of this herbaceous plant. It is therein that are larger amounts of calcium, iron, sodium, potassium and vitamins A, B and C. Big and bulky, the leaves can be eaten in omelets or sautéed and cookies.

Tuberous roots of higher commercial value, constitutes a major source of sugar in Northern Europe
Originating from temperate regions of Europe and North Africa, has its beet planting more assured in cold climates. The most suitable temperature for the development of the plant are within the range of ten to twenty degrees. Therefore, the best Brazilian regions for growing cover the South and Southeast. In São Paulo, there are the cities of Sorocaba, Mogi das Cruzes and own capital. In the warm months, sowing of sugar beet is more vulnerable to diseases and pests. The heat can interfere with the formation of roots, causing light rings that depreciate the product at the time of sales. Under high temperature also increases the risk of attack by diseases such as leaf spot, root rot and rust. Among the pests that are mostly affecting the vegetable caterpillar-threaded and kitty.

Planting: year-round in areas above 800 meters altitude and cold weather
Soil: light, well drained
Ideal temperature: in the range 10-20 degrees
Harvest from 70 to 100 days after the beginning of cultivation
Minimum area: small beds and crates


The sheets, usually neglected, are rich in minerals and vitamins A, B and C
Era - The beet can be sown all year round in areas with altitude above 800 meters. From 400 to 800 meters, the cultivation is indicated between the months of February and June. Below 400 meters, the best time for planting is April-June. Sowing can become more difficult in the hot and rainy months. One reason is the lack of cultivating major foliar disease resistant to leaf spot.
Fertilization - Before composting, do soil analysis, followed by the lime, if necessary. With 30 days before the beginning of the sowing or transplanting, apply 20 tons per hectare of manure and manure. Increase the amount to 30 tonnes in case of cultivation occur in sandy soils. If the choice is the use of chicken manure, the material should also be well tanned. In poor soil together with the fertilizer (NPK), it is good to add two to four pounds per acre and three pounds of boron per acre of zinc. At 15 days and 30 days after seedling emergence (or transplanting), spray five grams of sodium molybdate or ammonium molybdate, mixed in ten liters of water.
Location - For sowing, keep spacing between 20-30 centimeters, the transplantation or after thinning, the recommendation is to keep ten to 15 inches between plants. To facilitate the initial cultivation is indicated descortiçadas buy seeds. They have gone through a mechanical process of breaking the glomerulus - commercial seeds that have three to four botanical seeds inside. There are various options available in the market.

Sowing - From one to two inches deep is ideal for sowing beets. Sowing can be done in specific trays, which are sold at retail, or directly in situ. After 20 days, the transplanting may already be done. Another option is to use beds (not masonry) with a 1.2 meter wide and 20 to 30 inches in height, between a bed and another one should leave a space of 40 to 50 centimeters. In this case, the plants are ready for transplant after 20 to 30 days after sowing. To strengthen the plant, do the sleaze when she reached five inches tall.
Harvest - time to start the harvest varies with the choice of planting. No-tillage, the beets can be harvested 60-70 days after cultivation. For transplanted seedlings, takes 90-100 days to start picking up the greenery. When achieve six to eight inches in diameter, the roots are at the point of harvest.
Costs - beet seed can be purchased at stores that specialize in agricultural products. An envelope out of ten grams on average to two actual, the 25 grams rises to three dollars. A kilogram of seed costs from 40 to 55 real, but are generally sold in tins of 500 grams. The hybrid seeds are more expensive price and reach five times greater than that of conventional ones.

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